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September 4th, 2013:

World Bank plans ‘aggressive’ move on soot, other pollutants

World Bank plans ‘aggressive’ move on soot, other pollutants

DateSeptember 4, 2013 – 8:19AM

The World Bank said it was planning “aggressive action” to help
developing nations cut emissions of soot and other air pollutants
blamed for causing climate change, in a shift also meant to protect
human health and aid crop growth.

Of its funding to poor nations, almost 8 per cent – $US18 billion
($19.9 billion) from 2007-12 – goes to sectors such as energy,
farming, waste and transport that have a potential to cut emissions, a
bank report said.

The bank said it would shift policy to insist that such projects in
future – it did not predict levels of funding – included a component
to curb air pollution.

“We will try to turn it (the funding) into aggressive action” to cut
the pollutants, Rachel Kyte, vice president of sustainable development
at the World Bank, told Reuters on the sidelines of a meeting a
38-nation group in Oslo looking at ways to cut short-term air


“Anything that delays the pace at which global warming is arriving
buys time for our clients, the poor countries in the world,” Kyte

The bank would look for new ways to help, for instance, reduce
pollution from public transport, curb methane emissions from rice
irrigation, and improve the efficiency of high-polluting cooking
stoves and brick kilns.

Soot comes from sources ranging from wood-burning cooking stoves to
diesel engines. Methane comes from decomposition of plant and animal
matter and from farming, for instance from the digestive tracts of
cattle and sheep.

Environment ministers at the meeting in Oslo of the Climate and Clean
Air Coalition, set up 18 months ago in Washington as a new front in
combating climate change, also outlined projects to cut air pollution
in areas from forestry to gas flaring.

First aid

The focus on short-lived air pollutants is meant to complement efforts
to cut carbon dioxide, the main greenhouse gas from human activities
that a U.N. panel of climate scientists says is the main cause of
global warming.

In a statement, members of the coalition said that cutting the
short-term pollutants could reduce global warming by up to about 0.5
degree Celsius by 2040-50.

That would help achieve a goal, set by almost 200 nations in 2010, of
limiting a rise in global temperatures to below 2 degrees Celsius
above pre-industrial times to avoid more heatwaves, floods, droughts
and rising sea levels.

And cutting short-lived pollutants would also protect human health –
six million people worldwide die early every year from air pollution,
it said.

“First aid for the climate can also be first aid for people’s health,”
Norwegian Environment Minister Baard Vegar Soljhell said.

Reducing pollutants “can also help rural economies, with current
estimates showing the potential to save about 50 million tonnes of
crops each year”, the statement said. Pollution poisons plants and can
block sunlight, stunting growth.

The coalition statement did not refer to an academic study last month
that suggested the temperature benefits of an assault on the
short-lived pollutants might be far less, only 0.16 degree Celsius by

Drew Shindell of NASA, the head scientific advisor to the coalition,
said that report wrongly assumed that air pollution would fall with
economic growth. “That doesn’t automatically happen,” he said.


State of the art of separate collection and local management of biowaste (English/French)

Résumé :

The aim of the present study is to analyse the factors leading to successful management of organics and the solutions in place in different countries.

The mission consisted of collecting in the 10 countries chosen a large amount of information about the background and the functioning of separate collection and local management of biowaste by analysing the regulatory context, the technical choices, and the performance.

The information collected is presented in detailed « country files ». The study also allowed the collection of information allowing evaluation of the organisation, the financing and the development of compost quality assurance schemes.

The last phase of the study consisted in cross-comparing collected information according to different criteria and indicators, in order to highlight the actions which had considerable impact on the development of biowaste management, and to judge whether they would be transposable to France.

There is a French version.

Public :

Local administration, Waste industries, Consulting office
Juin 2013 – 21×29,7 – 23p.
Téléchargement(s) gratuit(s) :

* Synthesis (PDF – 911K)