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February 28th, 2013:

DELIVERING LOW CARBON GROWTH A Guide to China’s 12th Five Year Plan

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China Releases 12th Five-Year Plan for Waste Recycling Technology

Posted on June 25, 2012 by China Briefing

Jun. 25 – China’s Ministry of Science and Technology, National Development and Reform Commission, and other five ministries and commissions jointly released “The 12th Five-Year Plan for Waste Recycling Technology (hereinafter referred to as ‘the Plan’).” The Plan identifies the major areas of waste recycling technology as well as discusses the current situation and future plans for development in these areas. Moreover, the Plan specifies the development goals and tasks in the identified major areas, and provides measures to achieve these goals.

Key information and details taken from the Plan can be found in the summary below.

Major areas and tasks
Utilization of recycling resources
The Plan calls on the development of technologies in comprehensive utilization, reproduction and recycling of scrap metal, waste electronic products, used electro-mechanical products, and recycled polymer.

Recycling of industrial solid waste
The Plan highlights the development of technologies in the comprehensive utilization of fly ash, coal gangue and industrial by-product gypsum, scale dissolution of smelting waste residue, and conversion and gasification of industry-produced waste.

Energy regeneralization of waste and sludge
Disposal and regeneralization of domestic waste in urban areas, construction waste, as well as industrial sludge and sewage sludge are heightened tasks in the Plan.

The Plan also emphasizes the development of technologies to control the whole process of waste recycling, theoretical research of waste cleaning and utilization, as well as innovation in these areas and cultivation of professionals.

Enforcement measures
Strengthening leadership and coordination
The Plan advises the establishment of a coordination team by the national technology ministries. The Plan also encourages all governments at the provincial level to include study of waste recycling into its plan for technology development.

Supporting development and innovation
The government should take advantage of existing channels to support key areas of technological innovation relating to waste recycling. The combination of technology and financing should be enhanced to support high-tech enterprises specialized in waste recycling and to encourage these enterprises to enter into multi-level capital market financing. The certification system of innovated products using waste recycling technology should be improved. Relevant preferential policies should cover these products.

Role of enterprises in innovation
A new market-oriented technology innovation system should be established where enterprises will play a key role and production, study and research will be combined. More policies should be made to encourage innovation, and to support innovation development of specialized enterprises in waste recycling.

Enhancing management and improving efficiency
Third-party supervision mechanisms should be established for technology projects and spending to enhance management efficiency. Performance review mechanisms should be established to review the effectiveness of these projects, and to manage the projects, professionals and construction of premises.

Strengthening technological innovation
The government should play a leading role in the establishment of technological innovation strategic alliances and service platforms in major areas of waste recycling. An advanced waste recycling technology index and technological standards index should be compiled for the promotion and industrial application of advanced technologies.

Boosting international cooperation and exchange
It is necessary to include exchange of waste recycling technologies into bilateral and multilateral international cooperation to obtain more support from international technology cooperation plans.

Promoting popularization of waste recycling technology
The Plan provides that waste recycling technology should be popularized to encourage every citizen to actively participate in waste recycling activities to achieve sustainable development.

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China Releases Blueprint to Promote Seven Emerging Industries

Posted on June 1, 2012 by China Briefing

By Xiaolei Gu

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Directions and tasks for seven emerging industries of strategic importance

Environmental protection
China’s energy-saving and environmental protection industry need breakthroughs in major core technologies, including energy efficiency and progression utilization, pollution prevention and secure settlement, as well as recycling and reuse of resources. Industry professionals should also research and develop more high-tech equipment and products for energy conservation, advanced environmental protection, and resource recycling and reuse. These professionals should also strive to promote green production and low carbon technology, and accelerate the formation of environmental protection as one of the country’s pillar industries.

New energy
The new energy sector should develop more mature technology in nuclear power, wind power, solar photo-voltaics, thermal utilization, biomass electricity generation and methane gas so as to actively advance the industrialization of renewable resource technology. –

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China Releases 12th Five-Year Plan for National Strategic Emerging Industries

Posted on July 25, 2012 by China Briefing

By Yao Lu

Jul. 25 – To accelerate the incubation and development of the country’s strategic emerging industries, China’s State Council issued the “12th Five-Year Development Plan for National Strategic Emerging Industries (guofa [2012] No.28, hereinafter referred to as the ‘Plan’)” on July 9. The plan lays out 7 strategic emerging industries and 20 key projects; moreover, it sets up development goals for the 12th Five-Year Plan period and offers policy measures to facilitate the development of the relevant industries.

Development objectives

According to the Plan, the share of value-added from the strategic emerging industries against the country’s overall gross domestic product is targeted to reach roughly 8 percent by 2015 and 15 percent by 2020, while the average annual growth of the industrial scale is expected to be above 20 percent.

Key development orientation and main tasks 2011-2015

As provided by the Plan, the key development direction and main tasks for the 12th Five-Year Plan period involve 7 strategic emerging industries, namely:

1. New energy auto industry

2. Energy-saving and environmental protection industry

Energy-efficient industry

Advanced environmental protection industry

Resource recycling industry

3. New generation information technology industry

Next generation information network industry

Fundamental industry of core electronics

High-end software and new information service industry

4. Biology industry

Bio-pharmaceutical industry

Bio-medical engineering industry

Bio-breeding industry

Bio-manufacturing industry

5. High-end equipment manufacturing industry

Aviation equipment industry

Satellite and its application industry

Rail transportation equipment industry

Marine engineering equipment industry

Intelligent equipment-manufacturing industry

6. New energy industry

Nuclear energy technology industry

Wind energy industry

Solar energy industry

Biomass industry

7. New material industry

New functional material industry

Advanced structural material industry

High-performance composite material industry

Major projects

As provided by the Plan, the key development direction and main tasks for the 12th Five-Year Plan period also involve 20 key projects, including the following:

Key energy-saving technology and equipment industrialization project

Pilot project for equipment relating to key environmental protection technology and product industrialization

Important resource recycling project

Broadband China project

High-performance integrated circuits project

New-type flat panel display project

Internet of things (IOT) and cloud computing technology project

“Beneficial Information for the People” project

Protein-based biomedical products and vaccine project

High-performance medical treatment equipment project

Bio-breeding project

Bio-based material project

Aviation equipment project

Spatial infrastructure construction project

Advanced rail transport equipment and its key assemblies project

Marine engineering equipment project

Intelligent equipment-manufacturing project

New energy integrated application project

Key material upgradation project

New energy auto project

Policy measures

The plan offers three measures to better facilitate the development of the relevant industries, they are:

Intensifying fiscal and financial policy support

Perfecting technical innovation and talent policies

Creating a desirable market environment

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Eco-friendly Japanese demolition scheme slashes dust and noise

Submitted by admin on Feb 28th 2013, 12:00am



Agence France-Presse in Tokyo

Top floor of tower functions as ‘lid’ to contain dust and noise as it is gradually lowered

Passers-by in Tokyo’s busy Akasaka district have started to notice something odd about a 40-floor hotel – it has shrunk to about half its original height.

Slowly but surely, and with none of the explosions or dust normally associated with the demolition of skyscrapers, the hotel is being torn down.

“In this demolition scheme, the building shrinks and disappears without you noticing,” said Hideki Ichihara, manager of Taisei, the construction firm running the project.

In this demolition scheme, the building shrinks and disappears without you noticing

The Grand Prince Hotel Akasaka was built in the 1980s, a gleaming, 140-metre symbol of a decade of extravagance when people almost had money to burn and Japan’s red-hot economy powered the world.

Now it is shrinking: losing two floors, or 6.4 metres, every 10 days, said Ichihara.

The Japanese-developed Taisei Ecological Reproduction System (TECOREP) is a new process designed to contain the noise and dirt of a demolition, and recycle the energy pent up in a tall building.

Engineers reinforced the top floor with steel beams and then effectively lopped it off, keeping it in place to be used as an adjustable lid that can be lowered down the building on an external support frame.

Workers at the Grand Prince Hotel Akasaka have brought in 15 hydraulic jacks on which this “lid” now sits as they remove one floor at a time, carefully breaking apart the once-luxurious guest rooms. The materials are separated and, where possible, recycled.

“By keeping this cap on top of the building, we can contain the noise and the dust significantly,” Ichihara said. “Dust pollution is cut by more than 90 per cent, keeping the environmental impact very small.”

The waste is lowered through a central well on a pulley system that generates the electricity used to power lighting and ventilation systems, said Ichihara, further reducing the environmental impact of the demolition.

The 30-year-old hotel was once a symbol of Tokyo’s glitzy lifestyle. Well-heeled guests paid hundreds of dollars for a night in one of its suites, or for its special Christmas Eve lovers’ packages.

However, the glitter rubbed off Japan’s economy with the bursting of the stock and real estate bubbles at the start of the 1990s. Luxury hotels gradually fell out of favour and some struggled to keep their guest books full.






Source URL (retrieved on Feb 28th 2013, 6:27am):

Letters to the Editor, February 28, 2013

Submitted by admin on Feb 28th 2013, 12:00am


Air pollution in delta region not worse

We would like to point out that the article “Smog in Pearl Delta ‘worse than Beijing'” (February 21) misrepresented how air pollution in the Pearl River Delta should be understood.

For those of us who study air quality in the delta, the air pollution there is not worse than that in Beijing.

The article misquoted one of the undersigned, who had merely explained the different causes of PM2.5 in the two places. Coal burning and photochemical smog are the main causes of air pollution in the northern part of the mainland, while photochemical smog is the main cause in the Pearl River Delta.

As a result of joint efforts of the Guangdong and Hong Kong governments to reduce the emissions in the delta, with the support of scientific research institutes in Hong Kong, the Pearl River Delta and Beijing, the particulate level in the delta was reduced by 14 per cent between 2006 and 2011, as registered by the Pearl River Delta’s regional air quality monitoring network.

Last November, the Hong Kong and Guangdong governments agreed to set emission reduction targets for 2015 and 2020, in respect of four major air pollutants, including respirable suspended particles.

Both governments will continue to work in partnership to improve the air quality of the Pearl River Delta region.

Professor Wu Dui, Institute of Tropical and Marine Meteorology, China Meteorological Agency, Guangzhou; Professor Zhong Liuju, Guangdong Provincial Environmental Monitoring Centre, Guangdong; Dave Ho, principal environmental protection officer, Environmental Protection Department, Hong Kong

Smog in Pearl River Delta ‘worse than in Beijing’ [1]

Source URL (retrieved on Feb 28th 2013, 6:17am):